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he must abide by it, and suffer for it. Both
pensions, therefore, were compromised to his
creditors, and he remained without any
adequate means of support. The following
extract, with which we must conclude, is from
his last memorial:—

"The immediate origin and cause of my
embarrassments was a forfeited promise on the part of
the Treasury and the India House, whereby only
four instead of six thousand pounds, relied on by
me, were paid towards the Trieste Route
experiments in the winter of 1846-7, when, single-
handed, and despite unparalleled and wholly
unforeseen difficulties, I eclipsed, on five trials out
of six, the long organised arrangements of the
French authorities, specially stimulated to all
possible exertion, and supplied with unlimited
means by M. Guizot. On the first of these six
occasions, there arose the breaking down, on the
Indian Ocean, of the steamer provided for me,
thereby trebling the computed expenses through
the delay; and when, startled by this excessive
outlay, I hesitated to entail more, the Treasury
and the India House told me to proceed, to do the
service well, and make out my bill afterwards. I
did proceed. I did the service not only well, not
only to the satisfaction of my employers, but in a
manner that elicited the admiration of Europe,
as all the Continental and British journals of that
period, besides heaps of private testimonials,
demonstrated. My rivals, to whom the impediments
in my path were best known, were loudest in their
acknowledgments; and the only drawback to my
just pride was the incredulity manifested in some
quarters, that I could have actually accomplished
what (it is notorious) I did at any time, much less
among the all but impassable roads of the Alps,
in the depth of a winter of far more than ordinary
Alpine severity. I presented my bill. It was
dishonoured. I had made myself an invalid, had
sown the seeds of a broken constitution, in the
performance of that duty. The disappointment
occasioned by the non-payment of the two
thousand pounds, has preyed incessantly upon me
since; and now, a wreck alike almost in mind and
body, I am sustained alone by the hope, that the
annals of the Insolvent Court will not have
inscribed upon them the Pioneer of the Overland
Route, because of obligations he incurred for the
public, by direction of the public authorities."

The date of this memorial is June 8th, 1849.
High testimonials are appended to it from
Lords Palmerston, Aberdeen, Ellenborough,
Harrowby, Combermere, Ripon, Sir John
Hobhouse, Sir Robert Gordon, and Mr.
Joseph Hume. But it did not produce
any effect; the debts and the harassing
remained; and the pioneer of the Overland
Route died very shortly afterwards;—we
cannot say of a broken heart, because his
constitution had been previously shattered by
his labours. Yet it looks sadly like this. He
might have lived some years longer. He was
only forty-seven. The pension awarded him by
the India House he had only possessed eighteen
months; and the pension from Government
had been yet more tardily bestowed, so that
he only lived to receive the first quarter.

At his death both pensions died with him.
his widow being left to starve. The India
House, however, have lately granted her a
pension of fifty pounds; and the Government,
naively stating, as if in excuse for the
extravagance, that it was in consequence of the
"eminent services" performed by her late
husband, awarded her the sum of twenty-five
pounds per annum. This twenty-five pounds
having been the subject of many comments
from the press, both of loud indignation and
cutting ridicule, the Government made a
second grant, with the statement that "in
consequence of the extreme destitution of Mrs.
Waghorn," a further sum was awarded of
fifteen pounds more! This is the fact, and
such are the terms of the grant. Why, it
reads like an act of clemency towards some
criminal or other offender;—"You have been
very wicked, you know; but as you are in
treme destitution, here are a few pounds more."

While these above-mentioned petitions,,
memorials, and struggles for life and honour
were going on, great numbers of our wealthy
countrymen were rushing with bags of money
to pour out at the feet of Mr. Hudson, M.P., in.
reward for his having made the largest fortune
in the shortest time ever known;—and soon
after the Government munificence had been
bestowed on the destitute widow of Lieutenant
Waghorn, the Marquis of Lansdowne and the
Marquis of Londonderry, in their places in
the House of Lords, eulogised the splendid
"military ability" of F. M. the late Duke of
Cambridge, speaking in high terms of the
great deeds he would have achieved, "if he
had only had an opportunity," and voting
a pension of twelve thousand pounds a year
to his destitute son, and three thousand pounds
a year to his destitute daughter.

We have now beheld the labours, and the
reward, of the pioneer of the Overland Route;
who, for the establishment of this route and
for manifold services subsequently rendered,
received the "thanks" of three quarters of
the globe, that is to say, of Europe, Asia, and
Africa, "besides numberless letters of 'thanks'
from mercantile communities at every point
where Eastern trade is concerned!" His public
debts are not paid to this day.



NEW wants are being continually invented,
and new trades are, consequently, daily
springing up. A correspondent brings to
light a novel branch of the manufacturing
industry of this country, which was revealed
to him in Manchester. Lately, he observes,
I was passing through a bye-street in
Manchester, when my attention was attracted
by a card placed conspicuously in the window
of a decent-looking house, on which was
inscribed, in good text,


I stopped a few moments to consider what it